Complex Mixtures

Resolving and quantifying complex mixtures is, as their name suggests, complex, and we at Consolidated Sciences treat it as an art form. Complex mixtures typically combine multiple techniques on state-of-the-art technology with proper handling and advanced mathematics. Analysis of complex mixtures is also largely dependent on the chemical characteristics of the sample; its reactivity, boiling point, melting point, etc. It is recommended that all complex mixture analyses be discussed directly with an analyst to achieve the best analytical results.


GC‑MS will yield measurements as low as 0.1 ppm of analytes including methanol, ethanol, 1‑propanol, 2‑propanol, acetone, dimethyl ether, diethyl ether, acetaldehyde, acetonitrile, acrylonitrile, 2‑methyl‑1‑butanol, 2‑methyl‑2‑butanol, and 3‑methyl‑2‑butanol.


GC‑MS will also measure analytes including 2‑(1H‑indol‑3‑yl)‑N,N‑dimethylethanamine, dimethylamine ((CH3)2NH), methylamine (CH3NH2), n‑methylethanamine, n,n‑dimethylethylamine (C4H11N), and trimethylamine (NCH3)3).


A variety of methods will yield measurements as low as 0.2 ppm of analytes including argon (Ar), carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), helium (He), hydrogen (H2), krypton (Kr), methane (CH4), neon (Ne), nitrogen (N2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), nitrous oxide (N2O), oxygen (O2), ozone (O3), water vapor (H2O), and xenon (Xe).

Combustion Gas

GC‑TCD and GC‑FID methods can detect analytes in combustion gas including carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen (H2), methane (CH4), acetylene (C2H2), ethylene (C2H4), ethane (C2H6), 1,3‑butadiene, propyne (C3H4), propene (propylene) (C3H6), diacetylene, cis/trans‑2‑butenes, 1‑butene, 1,5‑hexadiene, 3‑methyl‑1‑pentene, cyclopentane (C5H10), 1,2,3‑trimethylcyclopentane (C8H16), benzene (C6H6), ethyl benzene, and hydrocarbons C7–C9.

And More...